Raden Ajeng Kartini was born on 21 April 1879 in the town of Jepara, Central Java. He is the son of a nobleman who was very obedient to the customs. After graduating from elementary school he was not allowed to continue their schooling to higher levels by the parents. He secluded while waiting to be married. Small Kartini very saddened by this, he wanted to challenge but did not dare for fear of being considered rebellious child. To get rid of her sorrow, she collects books, textbooks and other science which is then read in the garden accompanied by Simbok (aides).
Finally read into his interest, no day without reading. All books, including newspaper reading. If there is difficulty in understanding books and newspapers they read, he always asks his Father. Through this book, Kartini think women are interested in the progress of Europe (the Netherlands, who was then still ruled Indonesia). Arises desire to promote women's Indonesia. Women not only the kitchen but also must have knowledge. He began by collecting her girlfriends to teach writing and other sciences. Amid the busy life he did not stop reading and also writing letters to his friends in the Netherlands. No sooner had he written a letter to Mr.JH Abendanon. He pleaded awarded a scholarship to study in the Netherlands.
Scholarship acquired Kartini had not utilized by his parents because he was married to Raden Duke Joyodiningrat. After marriage she joined her husband to the Apex area. Her husband understood Kartini and supporting women to establish a school. Thanks to his perseverance Kartini succeeded in establishing the School for Women in Semarang, Surabaya, Yogyakarta, Malang, Madiun, Cirebon and other areas. The name of the school is "Kartini schools". Fame does not make Kartini be arrogant, he remained polite, respectful family and anyone else, does not distinguish between poor and rich.
On 17 September 1904, Kartini died at the age of 25, after she gave birth to her first son. After Kartini died, Mr.JH Abendanon memngumpulkan and posted the letters that Kartini had sent to his friends in Europe. The book was entitled "DOOR TOT DUISTERNIS Licht" which means "Light After Dark".
Currently hopefully in Indonesia will be reborn-Kartini Kartini who would fight for the interests of the people. In the era of Kartini, late 19th to early 20th century, women have not obtained the freedom of this country in many ways. They are not allowed to obtain a higher education as men have not even allowed to determine the mate / husband, and so forth.
Kartini who feel free to make choices even felt had no choice at all because it was born as a woman, has always been treated different from relatives and friends of man, and envy the freedom of Dutch women, eventually growing desire and determination in his heart to change habits that are less good.
Lately, the determination of Kartini's birth date as the big day is rather moot. With a variety of arguments, each party gives the opinion of each. Communities that do not so agree, there is simply not celebrate Kartini Day, but at the same time with Mother's Day celebration on December 22.
Their reasoning is that no favoritism with the heroes of other Indonesian women. But the more extreme to say, there are still other heroine who is more powerful than the RA Kartini. According to them, the struggle was just in Jepara Kartini and Apex only, Kartini also never bear arms against the invaders. And various other reasons.
While their pro even said Kartini not just a figure of the woman who raised the degree of emancipation of women Indonesia alone but is a national figure means that, with the ideas of reform that he had fought for the interests of his people. The way he thought was in the national scope.
Although the Youth Pledge has not been coined then, but his thoughts are not limited to the area or land kelahiranya Java alone. Kartini has reached maturity so that nationalism is a national think like that are triggered by the Youth Pledge in 1928.
Regardless of the pros and cons, in the history of this nation we know many of the names we like the heroine Cut Him 'Dien, Cut Mutiah, Nyi. Ageng Serang, Dewi Sartika, Nyi Ahmad Dahlan, Ny. Walandouw Maramis, Christina Martha Tiahohu, and others.
They fought in the area, at the time, and in different ways. Some are struggling in Aceh, Java, Maluku, Manado and other. Some are struggling in the Dutch colonial era, the Japanese colonial period, or after independence. Some are struggling to take up arms, others through education, through the organization and there are other ways. They are all fighters of the nation, the nation's heroes deserve our respect and emulate.
Raden Ajeng Kartini itself is the hero that takes its place in our hearts with all ideals, determination, and actions. The ideas of it had been able to mobilize and inspire the struggle of his people from the ignorance that is not realized in the past. With courage and sacrifice are sincere, he was able to inspire his people from the shackles of discrimination.
For women alone, with initial efforts are now women in this country has enjoyed what is called equality rights. The struggle is not over yet, in this era of globalization is still widely perceived oppression and unfair treatment against women.
Referensi : http://kolom-biografi.blogspot.com/2009/01/biografi-ra-kartini.html